ESG | The Report

The Invisible Link between Food and Climate Change

Did you know that the food we eat has a direct impact on climate change? It’s true! The way we produce and consume food is one of the leading causes of global warming. In this blog post, we will discuss the link between food and climate change, and how our diets are impacting the environment. We will also provide tips for making healthier, more sustainable eating choices.

Food and climate change

Agriculture is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for approximately 10% of all human-generated emissions. Agricultural activities like livestock production and deforestation release significant amounts of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.

The agricultural sector is also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including more extreme weather events, droughts, and floods. As a result, farmers and other food producers must adapt their practices in order to maintain food security in a changing climate.

One way that agriculture can contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions is by adopting more sustainable land management practices. For example, planting trees can help to sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and reduce the need for deforestation is a major driver of climate change, and it also undermines the ability of forests to provide critical ecosystem services like carbon sequestration and watershed protection.

Agroforestry can help meet the demand for wood products while preserving natural ecosystems. In addition, changing diets can also play a role in reducing emissions from agriculture. For instance, reducing meat consumption can help to lower agricultural emissions, as livestock production accounts for a major source of greenhouse gases.

By increasing public awareness about the link between food and climate change, we can encourage more sustainable dietary choices and help mitigate the impact of climate change.

How do our diets impact the environment?

The way we choose to eat has a big impact on the environment. According to the Environmental Working Group, the average person in the United States consumes about 1,500 pounds of meat each year. That’s enough to fill approximately 40 garbage cans. Meat production requires a lot of resources, including water, land, and energy.

In fact, it takes more than 2,400 gallons of water to produce just one pound of beef. And all that livestock manure creates greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

What are the global greenhouse gas emissions of food production?

The food sector is estimated to be responsible for around 17.3 billion metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year, making it one of the largest contributors to climate change. The majority of these emissions come from livestock, with cattle accounting for the largest share as a result of their digestive process.

Agriculture is also a major source of methane and nitrous oxide emissions, which are both powerful greenhouse gases. As the world population continues to grow, the demand for food is expected to increase, putting even more pressure on the environment. Therefore, it is essential that we take action to reduce the emissions of the food industry.

While there are many steps that need to be taken to reduce global emissions, addressing the agricultural sector is an essential part of the puzzle.

Tips for making sustainable and healthy eating choices

There are many small changes you can make to your diet that will collectively have a big impact on your health and the environment. Here are ten tips for making healthier, more sustainable eating choices:

1. Shop at farmer’s markets and local food co-ops

When it comes to eating healthier and more sustainably, one simple tip is to shop at farmer’s markets and local food co-ops. Buying local produce is not only better for the environment, but also supports your local economy.

Plus, it’s often fresher and tastier than what you’ll find at the supermarket. So next time you need to do your grocery shopping, take a trip to your local farmers market or food co-op instead of the big box store. Your taste buds—and the planet—will thank you.

2. Choose whole & unprocessed foods

When it comes to making sustainable and healthy eating choices, one of the best things you can do is choose whole, unprocessed foods as often as possible. These foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. They are packed with nutrients that are essential for good health, and they also tend to be more sustainable than processed foods.

Processed foods often contain unhealthy ingredients like added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium.

They also require more energy and water to produce than whole, unprocessed foods. As a result, choosing whole, unprocessed foods is not only good for your health but is also good for the environment.

3. Cook at home

One of the best ways to control what goes into your food and how it is prepared is to cook at home. When you dine out, you are at the mercy of the chef when it comes to ingredients and cooking methods. You may not know if the chicken you ordered was raised on a farm using sustainable practices or if the vegetables were fresh or frozen.

When you cook at home, you can choose sustainable and healthy ingredients with confidence. You can also control how your food is cooked. For example, grilling or steaming are healthier cooking methods than frying. By cooking at home, you will not only save money, but you will also have the peace of mind that comes with knowing exactly what you are eating.

4. Limit your intake of animal products

Limiting your intake of animal products is one way to reduce your impact on the environment. When you do eat meat, poultry, or fish, choose sustainable and humanely raised options. Sustainably raised means that the animals are raised in a way that does not damage the environment or contribute to climate change.

Humanely raised means that the animals are treated humanely throughout their lives. You can also reduce your impact by eating less meat overall and choosing plant-based proteins instead. Beans, lentils, tofu, tempeh, and quinoa are all great sources of protein that are also low in carbon emissions.

You can’t improve what you don’t measure.

Free Verified Carbon Calculators.

Erase Your Carbon Footprint in less than 5 Minutes

Personal Carbon Footprint Calculator

Business Carbon Footprint Calculator

5. Compost your food scraps

Creating compost is a simple way to reduce your contribution to landfill waste while also giving back to your garden. When you compost your food scraps, you provide valuable nutrients to the soil that can then be used by plants. This process helps to close the loop of the food system, and it also reduces methane emissions from decomposing food waste in landfills.

Composting is easy to do at home, and it is a great way to reduce your environmental impact. Plus, your plants will love you for it!

6. Recycle and reuse

One way to make sustainable and healthy eating choices is to recycle and reuse packaging materials whenever possible. This helps to reduce the amount of waste that is sent to landfills, and it also helps to conserve resources. When recycling packaging materials, be sure to wash them thoroughly before using them again. This will help to remove any food residue or contaminants that could potentially cause illness.

Reusing packaging materials is a great way to reduce your environmental impact and save money, so be sure to keep this tip in mind the next time you go grocery shopping.

7. Eat seasonally

Seasonal eating is not only good for your wallet and your taste buds, but it’s also good for the environment. Produce that is out of season has to travel further to reach your plate, which means more emissions from transporters. In addition, growing produce out of season often requires the use of artificial light and other climate-control measures, which use energy and other resources. Seasonal produce, on the other hand, is typically grown closer to home and doesn’t need any extra help to reach maturity.

As a result, it has a smaller carbon footprint than out-of-season produce. So next time you’re at the grocery store, take a look at what’s in season and make some sustainable and healthy eating choices!

8. Grow your own food

Growing your own food is one of the best ways to ensure that you are making sustainable and healthy eating choices. When you grow your own food, you have complete control over what goes into growing it. This way, you can avoid using harmful pesticides and fertilizers, and you can choose to organically grow your food.

Additionally, by growing your own food, you will have a fresher, healthier product that has not been exposed to the harmful chemicals found in many processed foods.

Finally, growing your own food is a great way to save money on your grocery bill. When you factor in the cost of seeds, soil, and water, growing your own food is often cheaper than purchasing it from the grocery store. In sum, there are many reasons why growing your own food is a smart and healthy choice.

9. Educate yourself

As more and more people become concerned about the environmental impact of their food choices, it is important to educate yourself about the options available. The first step is to learn where your food comes from. For example, meat and dairy products can have a significant impact on the environment, due to the resources required to raise livestock and the methane emissions produced by cows.

Alternatively, plant-based diets require far fewer resources and generate far less pollution. By understanding the environmental impact of the foods you eat, you can make more informed choices about what to include in your diet.

10. Advocate for change

You can advocate for change by supporting policies that promote sustainable and healthy food production and consumption. For example, you might support a policy that requires labeling of genetically modified foods, or a policy that provides incentives for farmers to switch to organic farming methods.

By pushing for these kinds of changes, you can help to create a food system that is more sustainable and healthier for everyone. So don’t be afraid to speak up and make your voice heard, your actions can make a difference.

How can we create sustainable food systems?

Sustainable food systems are those that provide healthy food for people while also safeguarding the environment and protecting natural resources. A sustainable food system is regenerative and adaptive, meaning it can perpetually meet the needs of its people while sustaining the ecological systems it relies on. To achieve this, sustainable food systems must incorporate a diversity of approaches, including:

1. Diversifying production methods

A key challenge for sustainable food systems is to increase production in a way that doesn’t damage the environment. One promising approach is to diversify production methods. This can include things like using more efficient irrigation systems, planting cover crops, and implementing agroforestry practices.

By diversifying production methods, farmers can increase yields while also reducing their impact on the environment. This approach has the potential to benefit both small-scale farmers and large-scale commercial operations.

In addition, it can help to create more resilience in food systems, making them less vulnerable to shocks like drought or floods. Ultimately, diversifying production methods is a key part of creating sustainable food supply chains that can meet the needs of a growing population without damaging the planet.

2. Promoting conservation and stewardship

Another promising approach is to promote conservation and stewardship. This can be done in a number of ways, such as supporting small-scale farmers and promoting the use of natural resources. By encouraging conservation and stewardship, we can help to ensure that our food systems are able to meet the needs of current and future generations.

In addition, this approach can help to create jobs and boost the economy. Therefore, promoting conservation and stewardship is an important part of creating sustainable food systems.

3. Investing in research and development

Investing in research and development is critical for sustainable food systems. By supporting research that looks into more efficient and environmentally friendly ways to produce food, we can make sure that our food system is able to meet the needs of a growing population while still being sustainable.

This research can lead to advances in agriculture, such as more drought-resistant crops or new methods of livestock husbandry. It can also help to develop new packaging and processing technologies that reduce food waste.

In addition, this research can help us to better understand the environmental impacts of our food system and how to mitigate them. By investing in research and development, we can build a more sustainable food system for the future.

4. Increasing education and awareness around food issues

A key approach to creating sustainable food systems is increasing education and awareness around food issues. This includes everything from teaching kids about where their food comes from to helping adults understand the impacts of their food choices.

When people have a better understanding of the complex issues involved in producing and consuming food, they can make more informed decisions about what to buy, how to cook it, and how to dispose of it.

Additionally, they can be more thoughtful about the personal and societal implications of their food choices. By increasing education and awareness around food issues, we can empower people to create more sustainable diets.

While each of these elements is important, they must work together in order to create a truly sustainable food system. When done right, sustainable food systems have the potential to improve public health, safeguard the environment, and provide economic opportunities for communities around the world.


In conclusion, the link between food and climate change is clear. Our diets have a direct impact on the environment, and we need to take action in order to create a more sustainable food system. There are a number of approaches that can help to create sustainable food systems, and it is important that we work together to implement them. By increasing education and awareness around food issues, investing in research and development, and promoting conservation and stewardship, we can create a more sustainable future for ourselves and for the planet.


How do we know the carbon dioxide in any food chain?

One way to think about the carbon dioxide in the food chain is by examining the environmental sustainability of food systems. Food production emissions include greenhouse gases like CO2, which can contribute to climate change. The global food system includes all aspects of food production, from farming and processing to distribution and consumption. On a global scale, carbon dioxide equivalent to one pound of beef is 36 pounds of CO2. Reducing our reliance on fossil fuels and adopting more sustainable methods of food production can help to create a more secure and healthy food supply while also mitigating climate change.

What are organic farms?

Certified Organic Farms are inspected and approved by a government-authorized certification agency. To qualify as a Certified Organic Farm, the farm must adhere to strict guidelines regarding the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. In addition, certified organic farmers must take care to protect their crops from contamination by genetically modified organisms (GMOs). As a result of these strict requirements, organic food is typically more expensive than conventionally grown food. However, many consumers believe that the extra cost is worth it for the peace of mind that comes with knowing their food is free from harmful chemicals and GMOs.

Is there any climate impact of plant-based foods?

While the jury is still out on the exact climate impact of plant-based foods, many experts believe that they are generally more environmentally friendly than animal-based proteins. This is due to the fact that plants require less land and water to grow, and they have a lower global warming potential than livestock. As a result, switching to a plant-based diet could be one way to help reduce your carbon footprint. Plus, plant proteins are often just as nutritious food as animal protein, so you can feel good about making a sustainable choice that also benefits human health.

What are the climate impacts of producing food?

Agricultural production is a major contributor to climate change. Agricultural land use and management practices are responsible for around 24% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The majority of these emissions come from beef and dairy products, as well as rice cultivation. Climate change impacts food supplies in a number of ways, including through changes in crop yields, food prices, and the availability of agricultural land. These impacts disproportionately affect rural populations who are more reliant on agriculture for their livelihoods. Reducing our meat consumption, particularly beef, is one way to help mitigate the climate impacts of producing food. Grass-fed beef has a lower carbon footprint than grain-fed beef, so eating less grain-fed beef can also help reduce the climate impact of our food choices.

What are food miles?

Food miles refer to the distance that food travels from the point of production to the point of consumption. Many countries have implemented policies to reduce food miles in order to decrease the environmental impact of transportation. The most effective way to reduce food miles is to produce food locally; however, this is not always possible or practical. Therefore, policies that focus on reducing food miles must also consider other factors, such as rainfall patterns and the use of synthetic fertilizers.

Scroll to Top